Bouke Vahl: Activity About Popular Images
Bouke Vahl

I'm a developer of small tools to make the life of a video pro easier.
Member Since:
October 16th 2016
250 Posts
100 posts
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deinterlacing from progressive challange
by Mike Poliskey 5 days ago
Hi, I get a video clip from my customer, that was recorded interlaced and exported to progressive mp4. Now it looks awfull with ghosting (or whatever the term of jugged edges is). Is there any highly
Re: deinterlacing from progressive challange
by Bouke Vahl 8 hours ago
This is a clip with pulldown applied to go from 23.976 to 29.97, nothing wrong with it. Read up on how to inverse telecine with the tools you have. Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
Why am I losing quality when exporting in 1x1 aspect ratio?
by Anton Nordstrand 5 days ago
Hey! This might be a really stupid question but... A client wants me to deliver the videos that I made for them in both 16:9 and 1x1 aspect ratio. In my head the 1x1 format should be exactly the same
Re: Why am I losing quality when exporting in 1x1 aspect ratio?
by Bouke Vahl 5 days ago
Anton Nordstrand "1080x1080, 2 pass vbr 45-50" here is (at least one of) your problems. You render to a delivery codec, probably H264, we can't know in probably 420, again, we can't know. So, you loo
FCPXML Timeline with Alpha PNGs for Subtitles \\ Missing Subtitles
by Alan Bell 5 days ago
Hey there! We've got a customer who wants certain subtitle sequences to run chained from frame to frame, i.e. no gaps. In our subtitling suite that that means timing Subtitle #1 "OUT" to the same fram
Re: FCPXML Timeline with Alpha PNGs for Subtitles \\ Missing Subtitles
by Bouke Vahl 5 days ago
Render out as QT with alpha (That's what I do for Avid, but with empty titles as no gaps is plain ugly.) Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
Future MacOS/FCPX won't support DNxHD/HR or CineForm among other codecs
by Andrew Kimery 1 month ago
"In Final Cut Pro, you might see an alert that legacy media files won't be compatible with future macOS releases. Legacy media files are compatible with macOS Mojave, but they won't be with future mac
Re: Future MacOS/FCPX won't support DNxHD/HR or CineForm among other codecs
by Bouke Vahl 2 weeks ago
Jeremy Garchow " Actually it s the death of QuickTime and it s 32 bit libraries." No death, that is not the issue, it's the rise of the machines. Jeremy Garchow "The QuickTime libraries are dead. Lon
+1
Capturing 50fps advice needed.
by Emma Clarke 2 weeks ago
Capturing 50fps advice needed. I capture old .avi (25fps) files from my MSI laptop through Thunderbolt to a Black Magic Ultra studio Mini-Monitor then HDMI out of there to a Teranex 2D and upscale to
Re: Capturing 50fps advice needed.
by Bouke Vahl 2 weeks ago
I guess your stuttering has nothing to do with drive speed but with a lack of knowledge on interlacing and upscaling. I suggest you have a look frame by frame step field by field to see what is going
Audio Drift/Sync issues when working on multiple computers.
by Gregory Jones 2 weeks ago
Hi, I'm trying to figure out a solution for an issue I've found. I work editing videos of live events that we record on multiple cameras over 1-3 hours. We end up with a little bit of drift (usually 2
Re: Audio Drift/Sync issues when working on multiple computers.
by Bouke Vahl 2 weeks ago
No idea what happens, but with a speed change some frames will be affected, and you don't know which ones. Its easier faster better no render to cut out or duplicate a frame here and there in places w
Unknown closed caption format
by Jiri Fiala 3 weeks ago
Hello, I got a closed caption file that I need to convert to SRT in order to burn it into image with Final Cut Pro X. The issue is, I don't know this file structure and I can't open it in any subtitle
Re: Unknown closed caption format
by Bouke Vahl 2 weeks ago
I added a new text parser to Subbits, wasn't that difficult. (Note, it is not available in the public version yet, if you need to do tons more, let me know.) Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
Oh no Apple deprecating codecs?
by Robert Withers 4 weeks ago
This from the internet below . . . Is it time to think beyond apple and FCP Buy the latest powerful MB Pro to work for another few years I don t really care except would rather not have to buy a new c
Re: Oh no Apple deprecating codecs?
by Bouke Vahl 2 weeks ago
You yourself made a nice list of things Apple did that hurt you. Ok, your pleasure. And if you think it is a very good idea to have everybody use a propiatary codec that is NOT free, and be paid by ev
Strange timecode mismatch on Premiere Pro 2019, Canon C300 Mk II
by Christophe Pettus 3 weeks ago
I'm an experienced Final Cut Pro editor, new to Premiere. I'm having a very good timecode situation on some footage from a Canon 300 Mk II (4K, 24fps): The workflow was: 1. On-set, at the start of eac
Re: Strange timecode mismatch on Premiere Pro 2019, Canon C300 Mk II
by Bouke Vahl 3 weeks ago
The most logical cause to the problem then seems that there is a framecounter somewhere that shouts the current TC as frames and that is converted to time with the wrong FPS as base. Now, the only pro
On-prem file transcoding software options
by Adam Grayson 5 months ago
We are a boutique movie distribution company, and we do a fair amount of general and broadcast video transcoding here, mostly using Adobe Media Encoder and a legacy version of Harmonic Carbon. We are
Re: On-prem file transcoding software options
by Bouke Vahl 3 weeks ago
Well, my previous reply goes for you as well. bouke (at) videotoolshed (dot) com :-) Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
Different pixel dimension when/after rendering
by Benedict Hein 4 weeks ago
Hi Folks, I've got an animated christmas card in 1280x589. When exporting, either with AE directly or via media encoder, i am getting 588 in height instaed of my comp size 589. Media Encoder even has
Re: Different pixel dimension when/after rendering
by Bouke Vahl 4 weeks ago
There is encoded format and display format. Display can be anything, render cannot. Render to the closest value and be done with it. Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
+1
AJA KiPro Rack LTC Timecode from SDI Source
by Alex Wysocki 1 month ago
I have a video and audio workflow that I need to setup that involves a Sony Fs5 mark ii, a Sound Devices 664 Audio Recorder, and an AJA KiPro Rack. I would like to send the video out of the SDI on Son
Re: AJA KiPro Rack LTC Timecode from SDI Source
by Bouke Vahl 1 month ago
If you record sound seperately, why not make the SD your master clock and sacrifice a sound track on the video recording That will be free, and will be a breeze in post to sync. In case your NLE does
Best 4K format alpha
by Pierre Valliere 1 month ago
Hi, I need to export from AE to Pr animation in UHD (4K). I don't find any format with transparency. Please no .mov! How to export in DNxHR with transparency
Re: Best 4K format alpha
by Bouke Vahl 1 month ago
What is your beef with the Quicktime .mov format Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
Who wants to support me with removing the background from only 1 photo
by Sander van Pelt 1 month ago
Hello everybody, I'm making a movie by using Adobe After Effects. The reason why I am making this video is because I want to have a reminder of somebody and also a special sportsevent; I was a partici
Re: Who wants to support me with removing the background from only 1 photo
by Bouke Vahl 1 month ago
Ha Sander, Oude versies van Photoshop zijn gratis, en doen het prima. Je kunt ook GIMP overwegen, open source, en doet het ook prima! Groet, Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
My lens is really sensitive to focus, any thoughts on how to do these shots?
by ryan elder 1 month ago
Basically I have a project where I want to shoot an actor running and I want to track the actor during from the side. I also have a shot where an actor is kneeling and I want to be on a close up of hi
and again, don't feed the trolls
by Bouke Vahl 1 month ago
Blaise Douros "Sigh, I'm going to take the bait." WHY Blaise Douros "This would solve 93.6% of the problems you post on these boards." He has no problems other than being addicted to attention. Don't
Creating exportable subtitles within FCPX
by Alan Langdon 1 month ago
I would like to know what are the best options (free or paid) for creating subtitles in FCPX (10.3.4 for now) and being able to export them to .SRT and other subtitle formats.
Re: Creating exportable subtitles within FCPX
by Bouke Vahl 1 month ago
To create subtitles you want a text editor video player combo, and preferrably one that is designed to do subtitles. (Shameless self promotion:) Get Subbits from my site and toy around. (It will take
Outline issue when using transparent logo ident
by Matt Edwards 1 month ago
We've had an ident created by a third party. It features a simplistic single green colour logo animation and it's got a transparent background. This was I believe created in AE. When I import it into
Re: Outline issue when using transparent logo ident
by Bouke Vahl 1 month ago
It is probably rendered as premultiplied alpha, where FCP wants straight. Not sure if you can tell FCP that it is premultiplied, but if not, fix is easy: Import in AE, interpret footage as premultipli
Video mixing fill and matte layers live on a video mixer: problems with black tint
by Jim Hoyle 1 month ago
https: helpx.adobe.com after-effects using alpha-channels-masks-mattes.html describes the functionality of a fill and matte layer. I have to create two layers of my RGBA footage so that a video mixer
Re: Video mixing fill and matte layers live on a video mixer: problems with black tint
by Bouke Vahl 1 month ago
You really need to learn. A digital file can have fill and alpha in one. And a hardware mixer does not accept video and alpha over SDI, so you need to feed it alpha on one input, fill on the other. Th
Should I sell my boom mics and by lavs instead?
by ryan elder 2 months ago
Basically I have two boom mikes, the AT4053b, the Rode NTG-3, and a boompole. However, I find that they are troublesome to use on a shoot, cause I cannot find anyone who is that good at booming. I usu
Troll alert
by Bouke Vahl 1 month ago
Hi Ty, Save your breath. This guy is a troll who will not listen and will never stop. He's been puked out by others (including me) already on several other forums here. Do not feed him. (Moderation do
Routing audio channels from source monitor to timeline
by Anna Heuss 2 months ago
Hi everybody, I've a feeling this is a relatively basic question and I hope there is a simple solution to it, but auntie google didn't have an answer for me. I'm working on a Nitris DX version. I'm ed
Re: Routing audio channels from source monitor to timeline
by Bouke Vahl 1 month ago
I did not mean to offend you with editorial skills, just a seasoned Avid editor has a way of working within the Avid system that a mortal could not understand. (Cutting black, especially before the 's
fcp 7 audio/video drift/sync
by Ted Coakley 2 months ago
I have a clip (.MOV, ProRes 422 HQ, 720x480, 48kHz, 29.97, 16-bit Integer (Big Endian), Stereo) that plays just fine in Finder and in QuickTime Player (versions 7.6.6 and 10.3), but in FCP 7.0.3, the
Re: fcp 7 audio/video drift/sync
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
NTSC based framerates are 30 * 1000 1001, or 24 * 1000 1001 So to be correct, it's 29,97002997002997 and 23,97602397602398 For normal math, to calculate sync stuff for normal content (let's say up to
New Blackmagic eGPU
by Steve Connor 2 months ago
I don't want to distract people from the endless discussion about what the forum should be called but this looks interesting. BMD have released another eGPU. https: www.blackmagicdesign.com products b
Re: New Blackmagic eGPU
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
Steve Connor "it's that sort of comment that keeps people off this forum" Well, it's that sort of comments that keeps (some) people ON this forum. Bob gives away free advice that normally should cost
+1
Proxy workflow with merged clips
by Mimi Wilcox 6 months ago
Hi there, I m about to launch into a feature doc edit in Premiere and want to make sure I m thinking about my proxy workflow in the correct way. My primary question is about how merged clips function
+1
Graham Withers liked this 6 months ago
Re: Proxy workflow with merged clips
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
No. You end up with a sequence per clip that you have to open, select tracks and then merge. For me batch syncing means pointing to video and audio, select the tracks you want as an option, then sync
What do you think of multiple-camera setup, good or bad?
by ryan elder 2 months ago
Do you think that shooting multicamera is a good idea I was told that I should try to get on some sets to study the DPs, and I was thinking back to a web series I helped worked on set for and a featur
Troll alert
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
Since moderation does not kick in, can we PLEASE ignore this guy Foy you who do not yet know him, he will never every stop asking stupid questions nor will he do anything with the answers. It's a wast
+1
Best aperture for a Lens
by mark thompson 2 months ago
I've been using camera side tools to check exposure (Zebras, False Color, gray card, etc.) which are all designed to not overexpose the sensor. At a camera talk demo someone mentioned that their chall
Re: Best aperture for a Lens
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
I once had the honour to go to movie followed with a Q&A with Robby M ller. It was a shocking experience. Mr. M ller, on movie X you worked with stock Y, why did you pick it -Well, the producers wife
TV broadcast audio Level question
by Bryce Douglass 2 months ago
Hello, I have a documentary film I want to have aired on public access TV stations. I originally had my dialogue at -12db and my background music at -18db for most of the film since it's in the backgr
Re: TV broadcast audio Level question
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
Well, if the specs state LFKS or LUFS, it's a very easy job. No need for roundtrips, as Adobe has a build in loudness tool. For the Netflix specs: (i did not watch the entire video, it's way too compl
New to After Effects but experienced with Premiere pro
by John Johnson 2 months ago
Hello everyone, like the title says, i want to start learning Adobe After Effects but since i'm experienced with Premiere Pro i thought i may ask a few questions regarding similarities and differences
Re: New to After Effects but experienced with Premiere pro
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
If you do editing, you stick to PP as much as you can. When you need an effect and PP is annoying you, switch to AE. If you do motion graphics (and you don't, or you won't be asking this question) you
+1
Did I just get moderated?
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
If so, why Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
Re: Did I just get moderated?
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
Hi Ron, I know better than going into debate with you about what is humor, or good manners. It is your site, and you can decide what belongs here and what not. And I also totally understand that you w
Is it okay to AMA link to already transcoded files?
by Sha Coste 2 months ago
Hi, I've been given a drive to prep a project for the editor. All the files have come already transcoded to .mxf. I have set up an Avid project and AMA linked to these files and all seems to be workin
Re: Is it okay to AMA link to already transcoded files?
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
Modern systems can retain a UMID (Unique Media IDentification) number, that could be used to match back to the original sources. BUT, that should be retained in the transcode, and the whole workflow m
How does one make locations look good?
by ryan elder 2 months ago
For my next project I would like to make the locations and the production design look really good, since I didn't feel they looked that good in my previous works. I thought maybe I should just spend t
Re: How does one make locations look good?
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
Hey Mark, Glad you took the effort. (Tried to flag troll myself a couple of times but that seemed without effect.) Do note that I got posts pulled for way less, but I totally agree, and hope this one
Online resources for audio mixing for cinema standard (85dB LEQ)
by Merlin Vandenbossche 2 months ago
Dear audio professionals, I'm a video editor often tasked with mixing sound for our A V productions. I have experience mixing stereo sound and complying to the (broadcast) EBU R128 loudness standard o
Re: Online resources for audio mixing for cinema standard (85dB LEQ)
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
Don't worry too much. Well, concidering a theatre has way more dynamics than on normal TV, your problem is not there. EBU R128 is a very relaxed standard, most broadcasters allow for short peaks in no
Canon m50 film settings
by Paulo Soares 8 months ago
Hi Guys, I just purchased the canon m50 with the 11-22mm lense. When i film it looks very un HD and grainy. I have tired shooting in fully auto and manual. Also in 50fps 1080p and 25fps 1080p I am new
Re: Canon m50 film settings
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
Cameron Dozier " the only way" Nah, unzip and a ruler. (And if I would participate a folding ruler of course.) Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
What do you think of these lens zooms?
by ryan elder 2 months ago
I wanted to do some fast zooms for a few shots in a current project, kind of like the fast zooms you see in older movies, during certain reveals. I did some practicing on the zooms, but what do you th
Don't feed the trolls
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
That includes you, Gary :-) Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
Now that Sorenson Squeeze is no more - what do Avid editors like to use to compress
by James Sapione 2 months ago
Hi All, I was really use to Sorenson Squeeze and actually liked it a lot. Now all of a sudden they are no more. So I switched over to using Adobe Media Encoder for compressing my videos. I do a lot of
Re: Now that Sorenson Squeeze is no more - what do Avid editors like to use to compress
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
Tweaking should be done in your NLE if needed. Only if you have a huge batch of stuff that needs the same tweaking it's a good idea to do it in your compression applicatin. Now, to compress, from the
Revamped Forums
by greg janza 2 months ago
Ignore if this is already in the works but a major hindrance here on these forums is the inability to direct message individuals. Will that be a feature in the new design Windows 10 Pro i7-5820k CPU 6
Re: Revamped Forums
by Bouke Vahl 2 months ago
Tim Wilson " If something inappropriate happens in a private message on a Creative COW server, Creative COW is legally responsible for the content." I can't believe this. An ISP (and in some sense CC
If I am trying to reset the time code with Wave Agent, how do I know my audio frame rate?
by Noam Osband 3 months ago
I'm doing some audio editing for a podcast. I want to take one file and reset its time code to start at zero. When I try to use Wave Agent to do this, it asks me for the frame rate of my audio. I'm no
Re: If I am trying to reset the time code with Wave Agent, how do I know my audio frame rate?
by Bouke Vahl 3 months ago
Eric Toline "Most likely it's either 16 or 24bit @ 48frames per second." The sample rate and bitdepth have nothing to do with frame rate. 48 fps is a frame rate for special fx slomo shots for movies
What is your favorite and recommended MKV to MP4 converter for Sony Vegas?
by Selena Leblanc 3 months ago
Hello editors! Since Sony Vegas still doesn't allow MKV files onto their program, I was curious to know which MKV to MP4 files you would recommend I'm looking for something that keeps the original qua
Re: What is your favorite and recommended MKV to MP4 converter for Sony Vegas?
by Bouke Vahl 3 months ago
ffmpeg will do it fast and for free. Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
Moving Subject Jitters Across Computer Screen but Not on a TV
by Kevin Camin 3 months ago
Hello everyone, In the attachment below, you can see that the subject jitters when it moves across the screen. I understand why it jitters, it's the same thing when trying to move a photo or some text
Re: Moving Subject Jitters Across Computer Screen but Not on a TV
by Bouke Vahl 3 months ago
There is motion blur on the controls but not on the skateboard. Turn it on. I don't care if the subject needs to be sharp, it's either one or the other. Pick your poison. Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
60i footage to 30p output?
by Spencer Honda 4 months ago
Shot some interviews that I'm sending over to a news station to use. I think they shoot 60i but my camera is sorta broken so that's the only option I have right now anyways. How do I work with this in
Re: 60i footage to 30p output?
by Bouke Vahl 3 months ago
Sam Lee "Is 60i is another way to express it as 59.94 fields (29.97 frames * 2 fields = 59.94 fields, established back in '53 by NTSC), which is essentially 29.97 interlaced frames for US broadcast "
Basic question about a Zoom H6 I cannot find an answer to
by Noam Osband 9 months ago
I know this isn't a Zoom forum. But I can't find this answer anywhere and it's probably super simple and it's driving me nuts. How can I get the time code of my clips in my Zoom H6 to always start at
Re: Basic question about a Zoom H6 I cannot find an answer to
by Bouke Vahl 4 months ago
Of course there is. Put LTC on one of the channels. Not the most logical way, but hey, you want a cheap recorder, you get a cheap recorder. Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
How did the filmmakers get this shot back then?
by ryan elder 5 months ago
My DP said I should get the steadicam for a lot of the shots I want, but I kind of want to save money if I can and not sure if I need it, but will get it, if it's a must for certain shots. However, in
Enough is enough
by Bouke Vahl 4 months ago
ryan elder "I was told it was because a wheelchair is just not meant for smooth camera movement." Oh really Who told you that Someone on this forum You did not know that before you were told What did
Recorded a WAV file in Vegas fine, but playback (VLC, Win Media, etc) is way too fast
by John Romein 4 months ago
Recorded thousands of WAV files using Vegas. Two weeks ago everything was fine. Now, Vegas records the WAV file fine. Even plays back on the timeline fine. I close Vegas on my capture computer. Then I
Re: Recorded a WAV file in Vegas fine, but playback (VLC, Win Media, etc) is way too fast
by Bouke Vahl 4 months ago
But, did you indeed record at 96000 Hz (the only ones who do so are very snobby extremely expensive studios, and technical people who do research. Human hearing goes up to 20Khz tops, and that is for
Export I-frame only MPEG2 in Apple Compressor.
by Tangier Clarke 4 months ago
Does anyone have ideas advice on how to achieve I-frame only compression in Apple Compressor There's no setting for this. Perhaps there's a workaround with the other settings. I can't set the GOP to 1
Re: Export I-frame only MPEG2 in Apple Compressor.
by Bouke Vahl 4 months ago
No clue as I never use Compressor. (I did look at it years ago and decided it was not good enough, even with the bit 'A' stamped on it.) XDcam in SD is I frame only. and Compressor 'should' support th
What aspect ratio should I shoot with, when mixing historical footage?
by ryan elder 5 months ago
I am directing a documentary film project and have to decide on an aspect ratio. I will be shooting interviews intercut with historical footage. I already have a lot of the historical footage chosen w
Re: What aspect ratio should I shoot with, when mixing historical footage?
by Bouke Vahl 5 months ago
ryan elder ". So it makes me think that it's normal, as I cannot find documentaries that keep the original aspect ratio of the archival footage." So, you never saw my work. Who cares what others do.
Frame rate conversion
by Grzegorz Kwiatkowski 6 months ago
I produced a 4K documentary in 59,94fps. I am looking for the best software solution to downconvert it to 50, 25 and 24 fps. This is for broadcast, so I can't accept any repeated frames, video stutter
Re: Frame rate conversion
by Bouke Vahl 5 months ago
You're welcome. But you've seem to have missed the essence of my writing. (Apologies in advance if I'm wrong on this one.) Google will find this. And the exact meaning of my post was to do research an
Feature film mixing 24p and 25p footages
by Robin Nicollet 5 months ago
Hello everyone, I am now assistant on a feature film. We are planning to edit and deliver in 24p. Most of our footages have been shot in 24p using a blackmagic URSA camera. However, the team used a So
Re: Feature film mixing 24p and 25p footages
by Bouke Vahl 5 months ago
some of us actually live in Europe, where EVERY movie is speeded up from 24 to 25. The whole (and sole) reason for video being able to be 24 was to deliver 24 for cinema (obsolete, cinema can have any
720x576 dv anamorphic or 720x576 anamorphic
by Thanos Papadopoulos 5 months ago
When I modify my project to pal sd I have two options. What's the difference between these two 720x576 dv anamorphic or 720x576 anamorphic Fix it in Pre.
Re: 720x576 dv anamorphic or 720x576 anamorphic
by Bouke Vahl 5 months ago
Jeremy is right, but still the question remains if that is indeed the meaning. Bouke www.videotoolshed.com
Trouble getting FCPX and/or Compressor to produce true stereo mix in resulting MXF file
by Bob Szuter 5 months ago
Hello folks, Using FCPX and the customizable MXF settings in Compressor, I can't seem to figure out how to get my stereo mix out to the MXF file with having the two channels playing back straight up t
Re: Trouble getting FCPX and/or Compressor to produce true stereo mix in resulting MXF file
by Bouke Vahl 5 months ago
Note, if you have a P timeline, and export to I, all will look (and be) P, but the container is I. Nothing will change to the footage. This is totally acceptable! (Remember, in the old days all commer
XLR cable - best 'sound proof' one
by Chris Newberry 5 months ago
Hi I'm do a lot of camera work (not a sound op!) and when using an XLR cable with my boom mic etc if it slightly moves or is accidentally knocked then I hear that on the final recording (through the c
Re: XLR cable - best 'sound proof' one
by Bouke Vahl 5 months ago
Old ones can get noisy, but then it has to be really old. Now, since a connector is 1.50 bucks, and very good cable 1 buck per meter, and soldering a cable takes 15 minutes if you're unexperienced, wh
Analyse Waveforms
by Darren Lee 5 months ago
Hi, is it possible detect the Audio alignment of 2 movies in FFMPEG You can do this in Premiere using synchronise, I just wondered if FFMPEG had the capability to analyse audio waveforms Thanks
Re: Analyse Waveforms
by Bouke Vahl 5 months ago
If the audio is from another recorder than the camera, it's dual system sound. And if you want to replace the audio from the cam, that's normal. it all is very, very easy if you shoot with common time
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